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Brine a Turkey

Brine A Turkey

Looking for an easy recipe to brine a turkey?

I gots one for ya! (if you can’t wait, scroll to bottom of page for printable recipe)

This is a tried a true method I use every year.

Get ready for the easiest way to brine a turkey and one of the most delicious birds you’ll ever eat:

Brining A Turkey In A Cooler

brining turkey in cooler

Years ago, Garry read about how to brine a turkey and he wanted to try one for the holidays.

We researched the method, made a few adjustments, and what follows is our happy experience.

We brine a turkey for Thanksgiving every year we host, with great success, and you can too!


Three Questions

People usually have three main questions when brining a turkey:

  1. Is Brining a turkey hard to do?
  2. Is Brining a turkey messy?
  3. Do I have room to brine a turkey?

I get it. I thought of each and everyone of these objections when Garry said we should try brining.

#1: Is brining a turkey hard to do?


Matter of fact, it’s one of the easiest methods to guarantee you a bird that is tender, moist (every time!), and packed full of flavor.

Brining is the opposite of hard; it’s practically foolproof!

Not that you’re a fool – YOU’RE NOT!

#2: Is brining a turkey messy?

Not the way we do it (in a cooler).

The messiest part, if you can call it that, is cleaning the cooler afterwards to make sure none of the bacteria remains from the turkey.

Gotta hose, dishwashing soap, and a backyard?

Easy cleanup!

#3: Do I have room to brine a turkey?

Folks usually think of using a turkey brine bag, then placing the turkey in the fridge.

The fridge that is already stuffed to the gills with other holiday food.

Yeah, no.

We tried that.

There’s a story at the end of the post as to why we decided on a cooler.

Can You Brine A Turkey With Giblets Inside?

Show of hands (Internety hands!): how many of you, upon making your first turkey, cooked it with the bag of giblets still inside the neck cavity?

Maybe even called the turkey company to share your upset that you didn’t get a bag of giblets that you planned to use for the gravy (yep – I did that once…).

So! Many! Internety! Hands!

It’s a very common mistake not to take the giblets out, but that being said, I wouldn’t intentionally brine a turkey with the giblets inside.

And if you do?

Just take out the bag at the end and discard.

Easy enough, right?

Can You Smoke A Brined Turkey?


Since we typically smoke ours for hours on the pit, brining seemed like the perfect companion.


It’s easy to dry out a smoked turkey that spends hours cooking (no matter what method you use).

Smoked birds and tenderness aren’t words that usually go together, but throw in brining and you have a winner.

Don’t worry, you don’t have to smoke your turkey to benefit from brining; roasting a brined bird is just as delicious.

Seasoning A Turkey

Is there a secret to seasoning a pre-brined turkey?


The only thing I would advise against is using any seasoning with salt, since it was the basis of the brine.

How To Season A Turkey

My best advise is to use what you like.

Suggested Seasonings:

  • butter under skin
  • oranges or any citrus under skin
  • onions under skin
  • a fancy-pants poultry rub
  • nekkid – no seasonings and you just let the brine speak.

Why Brine A Turkey?

Brining used with any cooking method helps to retain moisture in the muscles and lends an unbelievable tenderness to the finished product.

Doesn’t matter if you’re an experienced cook or a newbie, brining is a simple technique any cook can utilize.

Most people think that when you brine a turkey or chicken, that the end result will be an overly salty beast.

So. Not. True.

The opposite is true: when you brine poultry, the end result is tender moist deliciousness that most people would love to replicate.

Think of brining as internal basting.

I’m gonna show you how!

How To Brine a Turkey



The ratio of salt to water in brine can vary wildly, depending on your source.

Do a quick Google search and you’ll see what I mean.

I’ll tell you how we did it and leave you to do some research on your own to determine what will work for your tastes.

Turkey Brine Ratio

* We use a ratio of 1 gallon of water to 1/2-1 cup of kosher salt. (salt makes the meat juicy by allowing the muscles to take in and retain water)

* We use a ratio of 1 gallon of water to 1/2-1 cup of sugar. (sugar acts as a browning agent)

* Herbs and other ingredient added to taste. (herbs and other spices act as the yum factor)

~ A gentle reminder: OMT! uses Amazon referral links at no cost to you.~

* A cube cooler to immerse the turkey.

* Ice

That’s it. 

Nope, not kidding. 

Seriously…that’s it!

Step-By-Step Recipe For Two 12-13 Pound Turkeys

Use half the amounts in the following recipe for one bird. (we always do two birds, because it’s not much more work and there’s always room on the pit. we debone one for future meals and stick in the freezer!)

For those short on time: there’s a printable recipe at the end of this post, if that’s what yer heart desires.

1: Thaw The Turkey And Remove Bagged Giblets

Fun story: When I was newly married, I called Butterball (after I had already stuck the turkey in the oven to roast), because they didn’t include the bag of goodies with my turkey.

How dare they!

Turns out, the bag was hidden under the flap.

#newb #soembarrassed #ithappensmoreoftenthanyouthink

2: Give The Turkey A Good Rinse

Then, pat dry.

No need to wash it with soap – don’t do that!

3: Pour Four Gallons Of Water Into Cooler


I’m sure you can guess why that part in parentheses is bold. (yes, it it experience speaking)

The easiest way to do this is to buy 4 gallons of water in one gallon jugs and empty those into the cooler.

I mean, you could do it the redneck way and use your hose, but…NOOOOO!

Filtered water is even better (the hose thing was a joke – don’t do that!).

4: Add Two Cups Of Salt.  Stir Well.

Kosher salt – always (there’s a note below as to why).

5: Add Two Cups Of Sugar. Stir Well.

White table sugar.

Don’t be afraid!

6: Add 1/2-1 Cup Uncrushed Peppercorns

At this point add any other seasonings you want to try.

In the pics below, you can see it’s very simple seasonings.

Don’t let that slow you down.

Add what makes ya happy.

7: Submerge Turkeys  

Make sure they are fully covered by the brine.

See what I mean about using a cube cooler?


These two bad boys were covered by about 2-3 inches of liquid.

Brine a Turkey the Easy Way

8: Add Enough Ice To Cover Turkeys

We used a 20 pound bad of ice, mainly because it was a warm evening.

If you live where the temps are cold at night, you don’t have to use so much.

The ice is to ensure the turkeys don’t spoil.

The Easy Way to Brine a Turkey

9a: Securely Close Lid On Cooler And Leave For 24 Hours  

Again, the ice will keep everything safe and cool

Check on them periodically to make sure the ice hasn’t melted.

And yes, it feels completely weird leaving the turkeys in a cooler outside for 24-hours.

9b: Brining A Turkey In A Cooler Is Scary

Only to the uninitiated!

The biggest pushback from this post has been the idea that putting the turkeys in a cooler, with ice, isn’t sufficiently safe.

All I can tell you is this is how we’ve been doing it for years.

We have yet to get sick, nor have we died from food poisoning.

I think the key is using enough ice.

Use enough ice!

10: Take Out Turkeys

Rinse thoroughly, especially the inside cavity. 

You are washing the salty salty brine off. Don’t skip this part.

Smoke.  Roast.  Grill.  Whatever rocks your socks.

Didn’t I tell ya it was going to be easy?!

This is truly an easy recipe to brine a turkey.

Turkey Brine Recipes

Once you have mixed your perfect ratio of salt, sugar and water, then you have to decide what else to add to your brine recipe.

When we’re preparing a brined turkey to share with others, we tend to use a very basic recipe like the one above.

Can’t go wrong with simple spices.

When we brine for ourselves, we get more creative.

We’ve used lemons and herbs and anything that speaks to us from our spice pantry.

You can also add other liquids like white wine or hot sauces. 


You really can’t go wrong.

Turkey Brining Tips

Before ya go, here are the tips worth knowing.

A Cube Cooler Is The Way To Go.

I know the idea may seem odd to many, but over the years we have discovered that this method works best. 

If you use a flimsy brining bag, prepare to clean up spills.

As a side note: when you are done brining, clean that cooler like you mean it. Wash it. Disinfect it. Wash it again.

Bacteria is NOT yer friend.

Kill it. Kill it good!brining turkey in cooler

Do Not Use A Brining Bag

Remember earlier, how I said there was a story about why I don’t recommend using a brining bag for a turkey? 

The first year we brined a turkey, we bought a turkey brining bag. When filled, it was flimsy and incredibly slippery and awkward to maneuver.

As we made our way to the garage fridge, where we planned on storing it overnight, we kept shouting to each other to BE CAREFUL!

The bag heard us and had the last laugh; it split open steps away from the fridge.

All we could do was stand there, dumbfounded, watching gallons of sticky brine form a mighty river, flowing through our garage, down the driveway and into the street.

It smelled delicious, but was a beast to clean up.

Sure, now we can laugh…

Trust me, a cooler works best.

You just need to remember to clean it thoroughly after using it to brine raw poultry.

You don’t want to invite salmonella to your next event.

Use Kosher Salt

There is a significant weight difference between table salt and Kosher salt and the two are not interchangeable here. 

When you see the brine measurements of salt versus water, you can safely assume kosher salt is used.

~ Do not be afraid of the amount of Kosher salt in the brine. 

In order to transfer the magic brine into the turkey, you need these amounts, otherwise your turkey is just bathing in salt water and that’s totally weird.

Accept The Accolades

Humbly accept the praise heaped upon your head after all partake of your masterpiece.

I ain’t even kidding.

Anyone tastes your brined to perfection turkey (smoked or roasted to perfection) is gonna want to marry you.

This is truly the easy way to brine a turkey.

Now get to brining, mah babies!

Here is the simple recipe, just scroll down a bit for the printable.

Easy Recipe to Brine a Turkey

This brine is for two 12-13 pound turkeys

Ingredients for brine:

  • 4 gallons of water
  • 10-20 pounds of ice
  • 2 cups Kosher salt
  • 2 cups white sugar
  • 1 cup whole peppercorns
  • Various spices that you choose

Directions to brine a turkey:

  1. Remove bag of giblets and and organs from turkey/s cavity.
  2. Wash and pat dry turkey/s.
  3. Place water in cube cooler.
  4. Add 2 cups of salt and stir well.
  5. Add 2 cups sugar and stir well.
  6. Add peppercorns. Stir well.
  7. Submerge turkey/s, making sure there is 2-3 inches of liquid brine covering them.
  8. Add ice to cover completely. Don’t skimp!
  9. Cover cooler tightly and let brine overnight.
  10. In morning, check to make sure ice is still intact – add more if necessary.
  11. After 24-hour period, take turkey out of brining liquid, rinse off, then pat dry.

You are now ready to cook!

Will This Brine Work For Chickens?


You can use for brining turkey in a cooler, or a for brining chickens in a cooler – or even use in a brine bag for turkey (or chickens!).

Printable recipe below!

brining turkey in cooler

Easy Recipe to Brine a Turkey

Yield: 1-2 brined turkeys

Get ready for an easy recipe to brine a turkey. Once you brine, you'll never go back.


  • 2 12-13 pound turkeys


  • 4 gallons of water
  • 10-20 pounds of ice
  • 2 cups Kosher salt
  • 2 cups white sugar
  • 1 cup whole peppercorns
  • Various spices that you choose


Remove bag of giblets and and organs from turkey/s cavity.

Wash and pat dry turkey/s.

Place water in cube cooler.

Add 2 cups of salt and stir well.

Add 2 cups sugar and stir well.

Add peppercorns. Stir well.

Submerge turkey/s, making sure there is 2-3 inches of liquid brine covering them.

Add ice to cover completely. Don't skimp!

Cover cooler tightly and let brine overnight.

In morning, check to make sure ice is still intact - add more if necessary.

After 24-hour period, take turkey out of brining liquid, rinse off, then pat dry.

You are now ready to cook!


* We use a ratio of 1 gallon of water to 1/2-1 cup of kosher salt.

* We use a ratio of 1 gallon of water to 1/2-1 cup of sugar.

* We've used lemons and herbs and anything that speaks to us from our spice pantry.

* You can also add other liquids like white wine or hot sauces. Go nuts!

Nutrition Information:
Yield: 32 Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 405Total Fat: 14gSaturated Fat: 4gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 9gCholesterol: 201mgSodium: 7286mgCarbohydrates: 15gFiber: 1gSugar: 13gProtein: 53g

Since you will not be eating the brine as a "serving" the nutritional information is NOT accurate. Only some of the brine will make its way into the turkey muscle.

Original Post: December 13, 2013 ~ Updated Post: October 26, 2023

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Thank you for reading! I hope you are also making!

Brine a Turkey

Now that you know how to brine a turkey in a cooler, get to practicing!

It really is perfect for any occasion.

Let us know if you try brining a turkey (or chicken!) and what you think.

Can’t wait to hear from you!

Share It!

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Wednesday 9th of March 2022

Love this! Am now scaling this down to try on chicken. Chicken I'm probably going to cook in the instapot tomorrow.

Miss you Patti!


Saturday 28th of October 2023

@Patti Tucker,

Have never gone back to not brining my turkey. Also, a brine chicken is a lot like the rotisserie chickens from the big stores. Juicy,tasty and easy. I just roast the brined chicken with some onion rosemary and sage in the cavity. Yummy!

Patti Tucker

Thursday 10th of March 2022

Trish!! Love seeing you here!

Works GREAT on chickens!


Thursday 6th of May 2021

Used this recipe twice and great both times. Gives you a great base for the liquid ratio and I add wine or beer and lemons, garlic, onions, and a mixture of seasonings and it comes out perfect. I have tried the ones where you heat the brine and have to wait until it cools and find this works just a well and you get save time by not having to wait for it to cool. I do line my cooler with a brining bag but you really don’t have to.

Patti Tucker

Thursday 6th of May 2021

Isn't it great! Thank you for the sharing your ideas with us. ILOVE this method. I'm ALL about easy!

Bob Underwood

Tuesday 26th of November 2019

I was given an electric smoker. Used, but still worked. I let it sit in the garage about 5 months because I really did know anything about smoking meat. So my wife asked if I was ever going to use it and we had a turkey in the freezer and we decided to do something with it. So I researched and found this brining recipe along with smoking instructions from Masterbuilt. We did everything the recipe says, but we added some fresh poultry season. You can find packaged in the produce department. Man I’m telling you this was the most juicy and best tasting turkey I’ve ever ate. So 3 months later I just placed another turkey in the brining solution. Smoking tomorrow, going to have a early Thanksgiving dinner with my daughters family. Happy Thanksgiving! Thanks for the publishing the brining recipe. Bob

Patti Tucker

Tuesday 26th of November 2019

Bob! Thank you for taking the time to come and comment! I LOVE when folks try the recipes and LOVE them as much as I do.

Brining is KING!

Happy Thanksgiving!

Jennifer Maune

Sunday 6th of October 2019

This is a great breakdown! Brining is a go-to for us to have that perfect turkey every time. Now I'm ready for Thanksgiving dinner! (;


Patti Tucker

Monday 7th of October 2019

Can't wait!


Monday 23rd of September 2019

I am a long-time brine devotee. Now that my daughter-in-law hosts Thanksgiving, she depends on me to arrive a day early (she and my son live an airplane ride away), make the brine and plop the turkey in it. Last year, she found a pre-brined bird at Trader Joe's. It was OK but not as good as the DIY version --tho a lot less messy. Hoping to return to the self-brine and maybe buy her a small cooler as a gift.

Patti Tucker

Monday 23rd of September 2019

You guys will love the ease of using a cooler!

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